Vishvamitra effectuates Trishanku's travel to heaven, but Indra throws him down as Trishanku has not acquired any merit to reach heaven. Vishvamitra enraged at this starts to replicate universe with constellation of stars and galaxies, and he proceeds to clone even gods. On seeing this chaotic situation, Indra with gods yield to the pertinence of Vishvamitra and allow that which Vishvamitra replicated to survive and also allow Trishanku to inhibit that pseudo Creation, but with an upside down posture.
तपोबलहतान् ज्ञात्वा वासिष्ठान् समहोदयान् |
ऋषिमध्ये महातेजा विश्वामित्रोऽभ्यभाषत || १-६०-१
1. mahaatejaaH = great-resplendent; vihvaamitraH = Vishvamitra; samahodayaan vaasiSThaan = Vashishta's sons with Mahodaya; tapobalahataan j~naatvaa = on knowing by ascesis power as ruined ; R^iSimadhye abhyabhaaSata = said [proclaimed] amidst [their observance] sages.
"The great-resplendent Vishvamitra on knowing through his ascetic power about the ruination of the sons of Vashishta, along with Mahodaya, proclaimed this amidst the observance of sages." Sage Shataananda continued his narration of Trishanku's legend. [1-60-1]
अयमिक्ष्वाकुदायादस्त्रिशंकुरिति विश्रुतः |
धर्मिष्ठश्च वदान्यश्च मां चैव शरणं गतः || १-६०-२
स्वेनानेन शरीरेण देवलोकजिगीषया |
2, 3a. ikSvaakudaayaadaH = legatee of Ikshvaku-s; trishankuH iti vishrutaH = thus well-known as Trishanku; dharmiSThaH ca vadaanyaH ca = righteous one, also, benevolent one, also; ayam = he; anena = by him; svena = his own; shariireNa = physical body; devalokajigiiSayaa = wishing to win over god's world [heavens] ; maam sharaNam gataH = he obtained my shelter.
'This legatee of Ikshvaku dynasty is well-know as Trishanku, a righteous and benevolent one. He came under my shelter as he wishes to win over the heaven of gods with his own mortal body.' So Vishvamitra started to speak to sages. [1-60-2, 3b]
यथायं स्वशरीरेण देवलोकं गमिष्यति || १-६०-३
तथा प्रवर्त्यतां यज्ञो भवद्भिश्च मया सह |
3b, 4a. ayam = he Trishnaku; svashariireNa = with his own body; devalokam = to gods' world [to heaven]; yathaa gamiSyati = as to how, he goes; tathaa = in that way; bhavadbhiH = by you all; mayaa saha = along with me; yaj~naH pravartyataam = Vedic-ritual, is to be effectuated.
'You all scholars have to conduct Vedic-ritual along with in such a way as to how Trishnaku reaches the heaven of gods.' Thus Vishvamitra advised the conductors of the ritual. [1-60-3b, 4a]
विश्वामित्रवचः श्रुत्वा सर्व एव महर्षयः || १-६०-४
ऊचुः समेताः सहसा धर्मज्ञा धर्मसंहितम् |
4b, 5a. dharmaj~naa = knowers of scruples; sametaaH = came together; sarve eva maharSayaH = thus, all great sages; vishvaamitravacaH shrutvaa = Vishvamitra's words, on listening; sahasaa = quickly; dharmasamhitam = to righteousness, agreeable - words; uucuH = spoke - discussed among themselves.
On listening the words of Vishvamitra all those great-sages have come together and quickly discussed among themselves about what is agreeable to righteousness, as they are the knowers of scruples of conducting Vedic-rituals, but such a ritual is desultory. [1-60-4b, 5a]
अयं कुशिकदायादो मुनिः परमकोपनः || १-६०-५
यदाह वचनं सम्यगेतत् कार्यं न संशयः |
अग्निकल्पो हि भगवान् शापं दास्यति रोषितः || १-६०-६
5b, 6. kushikadaayaadaH = Sage Kushi's legatee; paramakopanaH = extremely furious one; ayam muniH = this, saint - Vishvamitra; yat vacanam aaha = which, sentence, he said - whatever is said by him; etat samyak kaaryam = all this [entirely,] exhaustively, performable [translatable into deeds of ritual]; na samshayaH = without, doubting; if not; agnikalpaH = similar to fire - Vishvamitra; bhagavaan = godly [reverential, awesome sage]; roSitaH shaapam daasyati = he will curse rancorously.
Whatever Vishvamitra says let it be translated entirely and exhaustively into deeds called ritual. This Vishvamitra is the legatee of Sage Kushi, and indeed he is a saint similar to Ritual-fire besides being an extremely furious person. Otherwise this awesome sage gives curse, rancorously. [1-60-5b, 6]
तस्मात् प्रवर्त्यतां यज्ञः सशरीरो यथा दिवम् |
गच्छेदिक्ष्वाकुदायादो विश्वामित्रस्य तेजसा || १-६०-७
ततः प्रवर्त्यतां यज्ञः सर्वे समधितिष्ठत |
7, 8a. tasmaat yaj~naH pravartyataam = Vedic-ritual be conducted as such; ikSvaakudaayaadaH = Ikshvaku's legatee [Trishanku]; vishvaamitrasya tejasaa = by Vishvamitra's, ritualistic prowess; sashariiraH = with body; yathaa divam gacChet = as to how [intending to,] goes [enabling to go] to heavens; [tathaa = like that]; yaj~naH pravartyataam = Vedic-ritual be conducted; tataH sarve samadhitiSThata = therefore, all, well preside over.
'As such, let the Vedic-ritual be conducted intending and enabling Trishanku, the legatee of Ikshvaku, to go to heaven by the ritualist prowess of Vishvamitra, therefor you conduct yourselves and you all preside over it.' Thus, the officiators conceded among themselves. [1-60-7, 8a]
एवमुक्त्वा महर्षयः संजह्रुस्ताः क्रियास्तदा || १-६०-८
याजकश्च महातेजा विश्वामित्रोऽभवत् क्रतौ |
8b, 9a. maharSayaH evam uktvaa = great-sages, thus, on saying [on concluding]; tadaa = then; taaH kriyaaH samjahruH = they undertook those [concerned] works; kratau mahaatejaaH vishvaamitraH = great-resplendent in Vedic-ritual, Vishvamitra [himself]; yaajakaH abhavat = became [principal] officiator.
Concluding thus those great-sages undertook concerned works of that Vedic-ritual and the great-resplendent Vishvamitra himself became its principal officiator. [1-60-8b, 9a]
ऋत्विजश्चानुपूर्व्येण मंत्रवन्मंत्रकोविदाः || १-६०-९
चक्रुः सर्वाणि कर्माणि यथाकल्पं यथाविधि |
9b, 10a. mantrakovidaaH = experts in hymnology; R^itvijaH ca = hymnodists, also; mantravat = inviolably hymnal; yathaakalpam = as per Kalpa treatise; yathaavidhi = as per scriptures - scripturally; sarvaaNi karmaaNi aanupuurvyeNa cakruH = methodically carried out all ceremonies.
Those hymnodists who are the experts in hymnodies have scripturally carried out all ceremonies in a methodical way with inviolable hymnal methods, and as per Kalpa treatise, that lays down the rules for conducting such rituals. [1-60-9b, 10a]
ततः कालेन महता विश्वामित्रो महातपाः || १-६०-१०
चकारावाहनं तत्र भागार्थं सर्वदेवताः |
10b, 11a. tataH = then; mahaatapaaH vishvaamitraH = great ascetic, Vishvamitra; mahataa kaalena = after a long, time; tatra = there [in ritual]; sarvadevataaH = all, gods; bhaagaartham = for purpose of [receiving] allotted oblations; aavaahanam cakaara = made welcome.
After a long time that highly ascetical Vishvamitra welcomed all the gods to receive their allotted oblations in that ritual. [1-60-10b, 11a]
नाभ्यागमंस्तदा भागार्थं सर्वदेवताः || १-६०-११
ततः कोपसमाविष्टो विश्वमित्रो महामुनिः |
स्रुवमुद्यम्य सक्रोधस्त्रिशंकुमिदमब्रवीत् || १-६०-१२
11b, 12. tadaa = then; [aahuutaaH = those that are invited]; sarvadevataaH = all, gods; bhaagaartham = for purpose of [receiving] allotment; na abhyaagaman = not, came forward; tataH kopasamaaviSTaH = then, enveloped in [obsessive with] fury; vishvamitraH mahaamuniH = Vishvamitra, great-saint; sruvam = wooden-oblational-scoop; udyamya = on lifting up - brandishing as if it is a magic wand; sakrodhaH = with fury; trishankum idam abraviit = said this to Trishanku.
Then all of the gods who are invited to partake of the oblation have not come forward to receive their allotments, and then the great-saint Vishvamitra, obsessive with fury, furiously lifted up a wooden-oblational-scoop, and said this to Trishanku. [1-60-11b, 12]
पश्य मे तपसो वीर्यं स्वार्जितस्य नरेश्वर |
एष त्वां स्वशरीरेण नयामि स्वर्गमोजसा || १-६०-१३
दुष्प्रापं स्वशरीरेण दिवं गच्छ नराधिप |
13, 14a. nareshvara = oh ruler of people - Trishanku; svaarjitasya = personally achieved; me tapasaH viiryam = my, ascesis', potency; pashya = you see [now]; eSaH = this me; ojasaa = with mettle [of mine]; tvaam svashariireNa = you, with own mortal body; svargam nayaami = I will lead forth to heaven; naraadhipa = oh people's king; duSpraapam divam = not attainable, heaven; svashariireNa gacCha = you go with own mortal body.
Oh, ruler of people, now you shall see the potency of my ascesis which I personally achieved. Such as I am I shall lead you forth to haven with your own body just by my personal capability. Oh, king of people, now you will go to heaven with your own mortal body, which is otherwise unattainable. [1-60-13, 14a]
स्वार्जितं किंचिदप्यस्ति मया हि तपसः फलम् || १-६०-१४
राजन् त्वं तेजसा तस्य सशरीरो दिवं व्रज |
14b, 15a. raajan = oh king; mayaa = by me; svaarjitam = personally acquired; tapasaH phalam = ascesis', fruit; kimcit api = [may it be] a little, even; asti hi = is there, isn't it; tasya = by that [fruit of my ascesis]; tejasaa = by that prowess [of ascesis]; tvam = you; sashariiraH divam vraja = you journey to heaven with own body.
'May it be a little, but there is some fruit of my ascesis, isn't it! Oh, king, you will journey to heaven with your own body owing to that prowess of my ascesis.' Vishvamitra said so to Trishanku. [1-60-14b, 15a]
उक्तवाक्ये मुनौ तस्मिन् सशरीरो नरेश्वरः || १-६०-१५
दिवं जगाम काकुत्स्थ मुनीनां पश्यतां तदा |
15b, 16a. kaakutstha = oh Rama of Kakutstha; tasmin munau = that, saint; uktavaakye = when he said so; nareshvaraH = people's ruler [Trishanku]; sashariiraH = with mortal body; tadaa = then; muniinaam pashyataam = while being seen by [other] sages ; divam jagaama = travelled [soared to] to heaven.
"Once the sage Vishvamitra said those words, oh, Rama of Kakutstha, that king Trishanku soared to heaven with his mortal body, before the very eyes of other sages." Sage Shataananda continued. [1-60-15b, 16a]
स्वर्गलोकं गतं दृष्ट्वा त्रिशंकुं पाकशासनः || १-६०-१६
सह सर्वैः सुरगणैरिदं वचनमब्रवीत् |
16b, 17a. svargalokam gatam = he who has entered realm of heaven; trishankum dR^iSTvaa = seeing at Trishanku; sarvaiH suragaNaiH saha =together with multitudes of all gods; paakashaasanaH = subjugator of [Indra] demon Paaka; idam vacanam abraviit = said this sentence.
On seeing Trishanku's entry into the realm of heaven, Indra, the subjugator of demon Paaka, spoke this sentence together with all the multitudes of gods. [1-60-16b, 17a]
त्रिशंको गच्छ भूयस्त्वं नासि स्वर्गकृतालयः || १-६०-१७
गुरुशापहतो मूढ पतभूमिमवाग् शिराः |
17b, 18a. trishanko = oh Trishanku; svargakR^itaalayaH = made heaven as [your] haunt; na asi = not, you are; tvam bhuuyaH gacCha = you, again, go [retrace your steps]; gurushaapahataH = thrashed by [your] mentor [Vashishta's,] damning ; muuDha = you inane [human]; avaag shiraaH= with down turned, head [head inversed]; bhuumim pata = you fall down on earth.
Oh, Trishanku, you have not yet made heaven as your haunt, hence retrace your steps. As you are thrashed by the damning of your mentor Vashishta, you inane human, again fall down on earth, but with your head inversed. [1-60-17b, 18a]
एवमुक्तो महेन्द्रेण त्रिशंकुरपतत् पुनः || १-६०-१८
विक्रोशमानस्त्राहीति विश्वामित्रं तपोधनम् |
18b, 19a. mahendreNa evam uktaH trishankuH = thus said by Mahendra, Trishanku; traahi iti = save me, thus; tapodhanam = whose ascesis is his wealth; vishvaamitram = at Vishvamitra; vikroshamaanaH = loudly exclaiming; punaH apatat = again, came back - fell down from sky.
When Mahendra said so, Trishanku loudly exclaiming at the ascetically wealthy Vishvamitra saying, 'save me, save me,' and fell down from heaven. [1-60-18b, 19a]
तच्छ्रुत्वा वचनं तस्य क्रोशमानस्य कौशिकः || १-६०-१९
रोषमाहारयत्तीव्रं तिष्ठ तिष्ठेति चाब्रवीत् |
19b, 20a. kaushikaH = Kaushika - Vishvamitra; kroshamaanasya = who is shouting [loudly]; tasya tat vacanam shrutvaa = on hearing his [Trishanku's] that [exclamatory] sentence; tiivram roSam aahaarayat = assumed abnormal anger; tiSTha tiSTha iti = wait, wait, thus; abraviit ca = said, also.
On hearing the exclamatory sentence of Trishanku who is shouting it loudly, Vishvamitra assumed an abnormal anger and also said, 'wait... wait...' [1-60-19b, 20a]
ऋषिमध्ये स तेजस्वी प्रजापतिरिवापरः || १-६०-२०
सृजन् दक्षिणमार्गस्थान् सप्तर्षीनपरान् पुनः |
नक्षत्रमालामपरामसृजत् क्रोधमूर्च्छितः || १-६०-२१
दक्षिणां दिशमास्थाय मुनिमध्ये महायशाः |
20b, 21, 22a. R^iSimadhye = among [himself staying] sages; saH tejasvii = he, the resplendent Vishvamitra; aparaH prajaapatiH iva = the other, as with Creator; dakSiNamaargasthaan = which is available - in southerly direction; aparaan = another; saptaRSiin = Seven Sages [Great Bear, Southerly Ursa Major]; sR^ijan = on creating [replicating]; krodhamuurcChitaH = convulsed in anger - Vishvamitra; dakSiNaam disham aasthaaya = resorting to southern direction; mahaayashaaH = highly reputed one, Vishvamitra;' munimadhye = amid [himself staying] saints; punaH nakSatramaalaam aparaam = further, stars' another sequence; asR^ijat = [started] to replicate.
Like the other Creator that resplendent Vishvamitra, himself staying among sages, has replicated Southerly Ursa Major in southerly direction. And still remaining amidst of sages that highly reputed sage Vishvamitra further started to replicate the stereotyped stocks of stars sequentially, resorting to the southern hemisphere, as he is convulsed in anger at Indra. [1-60-20b, 21, 22a]
Ursa Major is a prominent constellation in the northern sky, containing seven bright stars in a pattern variously called the Plough, the Big Dipper, or Charles's Wain. Also called Great Bear. In Latin it is, Ursa= greater (she-) bear. The Indian name to this is: saptaRShi-maNDala Hence Vishvamitra adopted the opposite direction, namely southern direction, for his Creation, which shall be in direct opposition to the natural creation adopted by Almighty. From this point onwards, anything artificially or synthetically created, cloned, or replicated from natural item acquired the name of vishvaamitra- sR^iSTi 'Vishvamitra's cloning,' including the present day hybrids. Whether this Ursa Major like constellation is still available in southern hemisphere - is a point left to astronomers, or stargazers.
सृष्ट्वा नक्षत्रवंशं च क्रोधेन कलुषीकृतः || १-६०-२२
अन्यमिन्द्रं करिष्यामि लोको वा स्यादनिंद्रकः |
दैवतान्यपि स क्रोधात् स्रष्टुं समुपचक्रमे || १-६०-२३
22b, 23. nakSatravamsham ca = stars" families [stereotyped stocks of other galaxies,] also; sR^iSTvaa = having replicated; krodhena kaluSiikR^itaH = made blemish by [umbrage continued to blemish him] fury; anyam indram kariSyaami = I will make [clone, so he surmised] alternative Indra; lokaH = realm [of my creation]; anindrakaH = without Indra; vaa syaat = or, it will remain; [saying so he]; daivataani api = gods, even; sakrodhaat sraSTum = to clone with wrath; samupacakrame = very nearly proceeded [about to proceed to clone - gods startled.]
On replicating the stereotyped stocks of other galaxies and stars, and while fury continued to blemish him Vishvamitra said, 'I will now clone an alternative Indra, or let that realm created by me remain without any Indra,' and when he is about to proceed to clone even gods in his wrath, the gods are startled. [1-60-22b, 23]
ततः परमसंभ्रान्ताः सर्षिसंघाः सुरासुराः |
विश्वामित्रं महात्मानमूचुः सानुनयं वचः || १-६०-२४
24. tataH paramasambhraantaaH = then highly startled; saRSisanghaaH suraasuraaH = with observances of hermits, gods, demons; mahaatmaanam vishvaamitram = great-souled one, to Vishvamitra; saanunayam vacaH = with words of placatory; uucuH = addressed.
The gods are highly startled at Vishvamitra's creation, and they along with demons and with observances of hermits addressed the great-souled Vishvamitra with placatory words. [1-60-24]
अयं राजा महाभाग गुरुशापपरिक्षतः |
सशरीरो दिवं यातुं नार्हत्येव तपोधन || १-६०-२५
25. tapodhana = oh ascetically wealthy one; mahaabhaaga = oh great-fortunate Vishvamitra; gurushaapaparikSataH = fallen [damned] by mentor's damnation; ayam raajaa = this, king; sashariiraH divam yaatum = to go to heaven with mortal body; na arhati eva = not, eligible, at all.
'Oh great-fortunate Vishvamitra, this king Trishnaku is damned by his mentor, hence oh, ascetically wealthy sage, he is not at all eligible to go to heaven with his mortal body.' So said gods to Vishvamitra. [1-60-25]
तेषां तद्वचनं श्रुत्वा देवानां मुनिपुंगवः |
अब्रवीत् सुमहद्वाक्यं कौशिकः सर्वदेवताः || १-६०-२६
26. munipungavaH kaushikaH = the eminent saint, Kaushika; teSaam devaanaam = their, gods; tat vacanam shrutvaa = on hearing that sentence; sarvadevataaH = to all gods; sumahat vaakyam abraviit = spoke highly laudable sentence.
On hearing that sentence of those gods, the eminent saint Kaushika spoke this highly laudable sentence to all of the gods. [1-60-26]
सशरीरस्य भद्रं वस्त्रिशंकोरस्य भूपतेः |
आरोहणं प्रतिज्ञातं नानृतं कर्तुमुत्सहे || १-६०-२७
27. vaH bhadram = let safety be there to you all; sashariirasya = with body; asya trishankoH bhuupateH = to him, the king Trishanku; aarohaNam pratij~naatam = on promising ascending; anR^itam = non truth; kartum = to make; na utsahe = not, interested.
Let safety betide you all. I have promised to this king Trishanku that he will ascend to heaven with his mortal body, and I am not interested to make it untrue. [1-60-27]
स्वर्गोऽस्तु सशरीरस्य त्रिशंकोरस्य शाश्वतः |
नक्षत्राणि च सर्वाणि मामकानि ध्रुवाण्यथ || १-६०-२८
यावल्लोका धरिष्यन्ति तिष्ठन्त्येतानि सर्वशः |
यत्कृतानि सुराः सर्वे तदनुज्ञातुमर्हथ || १-६०-२९
28, 29. asya trishankoH = his, to Trishanku; sashariirasya = along with mortal body; shaashvataH svargaH astu = let it be heaven eternally - let him be in heaven; atha = next; yat [mat] kR^itaani = what [by me,] created [creation]; etaani sarvaaNi = these, all; nakSatraaNi = stars - galaxies; maamakaani sarvashaH = as my [creation,] everywhere - in their places - they shall be there as long as; lokaaH yaavat dhariSyanti = = worlds, as long as, bears [lasts]; till then; dhruvaaNi tiSThanti = firmly, let them be there; suraaH sarve tat anuj~naatum arhatha = all gods, that, apt of you to accede.
'Let there be eternal heaven to Trishanku with his mortal body. Next, as along as the worlds remain, let all of these stars and galaxies I have created also remain eternally in their places as my creation. It will be apt of you all gods to accede to this.' So said Vishvamitra to gods. [1-60-28, 29]
एवमुक्ताः सुराः सर्वे प्रत्यूचुर्मुनिपुंगवम् |
एवं भवतु भद्रं ते तिष्ठन्त्वेतानि सर्वशः || १-६०-३०
गगने तान्यनेकानि वैश्वानरपथाद्बहिः |
नक्षत्राणि मुनिश्रेष्ठ तेषु ज्योतिषु जाज्वलन् || १-६०-३१
अवाग् शिरास्त्रिशंकुश्च तिष्ठत्वमरसंनिभः |
30, 31, 32a. evam uktaaH = thus, addressed - gods; sarve suraaH = all, gods; munipungavam = to the eminent saint; prati uucuH = in turn, spoke - replied; evam bhavatu = so, be it; munishreSTha = oh the best sage; te bhadram = let safeness be there to you; etaani = these; taani = those [amazing stars]; anekaani = numerous; nakSatraaNi = stars [you created]; vaishvaanarapathaat = than the path of Cosmic Person's stelliform; bahiH = outside; gagane sarvashaH tiSThantu = in firmament, everywhere - in their respective places, let them prevail; teSu jyotiSu = in them, circle of stars - circular galaxies you created; jaajvalan = while gleaming; trishankuH ca = Trishanku, also; amarasannibhaH = similar in shine to celestial being; avaa~N shiraaH = downward, with head - in inverted position; tiSThatu = will remain.
When all the gods are addressed thus they replied the eminent saint Vishvamitra saying, 'so be it! Safe you be! Let all the created objects prevail in their respective places. Those amazing and numerous stars you have created will remain in firmament, but outside the path of stelliform of Cosmic Person. Trishanku will also remain in the circle of stars you created, but upside-down, for Indra's indict cannot be annulled, and he will be gleaming like a star and similar to any celestial. [1-60-30, 31, 32a]
अनुयास्यन्ति चैतानि ज्यतींषि नृपसत्तमम् || १-६०-३२
कृतार्थं कीर्तिमन्तं च स्वर्गलोकगतं यथा |
32b, 33a. etaani jyotiimSi ca = all these, stars, also; kR^itaartham = achieved ends; kiirtimantam ca = acclaimed one, also - with your tour de force; nR^ipasattamam = the best king; svargalokagatam yathaa = as with - someone gone to heavenly worlds; anuyaasyanti = they will follow him - circumambulate Trishanku.
'According to their wont to circumambulate someone who has gone to heavenly worlds, all the stars will suppliantly circumambulate this best king Trishanku, who has achieved his ends and who has become an acclaimed one with your tour de force.' So said gods to Vishvamitra in deterring his further cloning of a simulative Universe. [1-60-32b, 33a]
विश्वामित्रस्तु धर्मात्मा सर्वदेवैरभिष्टुतः || १-६०-३३
ऋषिमध्ये महातेजा बाढमित्याह देवताः |
33b, 34a. sarvadevaiH = by all gods; abhiSTutaH = reverenced; mahaatejaaH = great-resplendent sage; dharmaatmaa = benign-souled one; vishvaamitraH tu = Vishvamitra, on his part; R^iSimadhye = among sages; devataaH = to gods; baaDham = Agreed!; iti aaha = thus, said.
Even the benign-souled Vishvamitra, when reverenced by all gods, that great-resplendent sage without stirring himself from among the sages said to all gods, 'Agreed!' [1-60-33]
ततो देवा महात्मानो ऋषयश्च तपोधनाः |
जग्मुर्यथागतं सर्वे यज्ञस्यान्ते नरोत्तम || १-६०-३४
34b,c. narottama = best among men - oh Rama; tataH = later; yaj~nasya ante = at the end of Vedic-ritual; mahaatmaanaH devaaH = great-souled, gods; tapodhanaaH R^iSayaH ca = ascetically wealthy, sages, also; sarve yathaa aagatam jagmuH = all, went away as they have come.
Oh, best one among men Rama, later at the end of that ritual great-souled gods and ascetically wealthy sages went away as they have come. Thus Sage Shataananda continued the narration of the legend. [1-60-34]
Trishanku - and his universe
Trishanku is the son of one Suuryaaruna and his original name is Satyavrat and this name Trishanku is his pseudonym. He got this because three sins are attached to him tri-shanka-s as said in another work Harivamsha. There it is said: pituH shaapaadi doSheNa | gurudogdhre vadhena ca | aprokShito prayogaat ca | trividhaa tat vyatikramaH | evam triiNi asya shankuuni | One by his father's damnation - when he misbehaved in his kingdom, his father being a righteous king exiles him to a wretched place. When his father was exiling him, Trishanku took umbrage at Vashishta, because Vashishta did not come to his rescue. The second blemish is due to the killing Vashishta's milch cow, knowingly. Trishanku kills that cow, when he did not get any food for the day to feed the son of Vishvamitra. At that time, he had to protect the wife and three sons of Vishvamitra, as Vishvamitra has gone away to a distant place for his ascesis, leaving his kingdom and family. Then Trishanku comes to the rescue of his family. With that gratitude, now Vishvamitra tries to requite this king in sending him to heaven. The third damnation is for his usage of unsanctified meat of his kill. Thus, Trishanku is the one who carries 'three social blemishes' on his head, and added to these is the curse of Vashishta, in making him as a profaner.
Further, a god or teacher cannot be dragged to one's side or his wishful thinking, but they are to be attained or appeased with constant faith and servitude. guroH aliikanirbandho na kartavyaH kadaacana | anumaanya prasaaH ca gurukruddho yudhiShTara | shiShyo gurau narashreShTa pratikuulam na sa~ncaret | viShNu puraaNa And if god created the cosmos, a man trying to duplicating it, is as good as going against that writ of that god. Vishvamitra no doubt built many space stations and started cloning gods, leave alone earthly species, but he is forestalled, because he wanted to break the system from within, in which he is and by which he mastered all this expertise. It is as good as cutting the branch of a tree on which he is sitting. Absolute insolence is absolutely condemnable. Hence, Trishanku is still dangling upside down in his so-called heaven.
इति वाल्मीकिरामायणे आदिकाव्ये बालकाण्डे षष्टितमः सर्गः
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© Feb, 2003, Desiraju Hanumanta Rao [Revised : December 04]