The magnificence and luxury of Kishkindha and its inmates is depicted here. Lakshmana on the invitation of Angada proceeds through the streets of the city examining its glory. On reaching palace-chambers, feeling shy to enter inside where the women are moving about and also infuriated at Sugreeva's callousness, Lakshmana makes a thunderous noise with his bowstring. Listening that sound Sugreeva is terrorised and bids Tara to approach Lakshmana to pacify him. Accordingly, Tara approaches Lakshmana and pacifies his anger and invites him to their palace.
This chapter vies with the 33rd chapter of Aranya Kanda in the attitudes of a king and his kingship. Here Sugreeva is indulged in bodily pleasures with his own females and in Aranya Kanda, as accused by Shurpanakha, Ravana is hankering after other's women. Here Sugreeva dizzy with drinks and in Aranya Ravana is dizzy with his supremacy. These two chapters, as detailed by ancient commentators, equally deal with raaja niiti shastra 'political science.' Here the only rescue to Sugreeva is Tara, who saves the face of Sugreeva before Lakshmana, whereas Ravana has none to come to his aid when chided by Shurpanakha. Out of total 66 verses that are here in this traditional edition, verses from 25 to 62 are unavailable in critical edition, perhaps estimating them to be lateral interpolations, and there this chapter is quickly concluded. These verses belong to the exposition of 'kingly vices...' on which Tara rationally defends.
अथ प्रतिसंआदिष्टो लक्ष्मणः परवीरहा |
प्रविवेश गुहाम् रम्याम् किष्किंधाम् राम शासनात् || ४-३३-१
1. atha = then; prati sam aadiSTaH = towards, well, invited [invited inside]; para viira haa = enemy, braving, slayer of; lakSmaNaH = Lakshmana; raama shaasanaat = at Rama's, orders; ramyaam guhaam = delightful, cave; kiSkindhaam pravivesha = Kishkindha, entered.
Then on invitation to inside, Lakshmana, the slayer of braving enemies, entered that delightful cavelike Kishkindha at Rama's orders. [4-33-1]
Angada on informing Sugreeva about the arrival of Lakshmana came back to Lakshmana and invited him to come inside Kishkindha.
द्वारस्था हरयः तत्र महाकाया महाबलाः |
बभूवुः लक्ष्मणम् दृष्ट्वा सर्वे प्रांजलयः स्थिताः || ४-३३-२
2. tatra = there; dvaara sthaa = at gateway, staying - available; mahaa kaayaa mahaa balaaH = huge, bodied, highly, mighty; harayaH = monkeys; sarve lakSmaNam dR^iSTvaa = all, at Lakshmana, on seeing; praanjalayaH sthitaaH babhuuvuH = with adjoined-palms, stood [back,] they became.
On seeing Lakshmana the huge bodied and highly mighty monkeys available at the gateway stood back with their palms adjoined in supplication. [4-33-2]
निःश्वसन्तम् तु तम् दृष्ट्वा क्रुद्धम् दशरथ आत्मजम् |
बभूवुः हरयः त्रस्ता न च एनम् पर्यवारयन् || ४-३३-३
3. harayaH = monkeys; niHshvasantam = one who is exhaling [fuming]; kruddham tam dasharatha aatmajam = infuriated, at him, Dasharatha's, at son; dR^iSTvaa = on seeing; trastaa babhuuvuH = scared they became; enam na paryavaarayan ca = him, not, circumscribed, also.
But on seeing at the fumingly infuriated son of Dasharatha, all the monkeys have become scared and they did not even gather around him. [4-33-3]
स तम् रत्नमयीम् दिव्याम् श्रीमान् पुष्पित काननाम् |
रम्याम् रत्न समाकीर्णाम् ददर्श महतीम् गुहाम् || ४-३३-४
4. shriimaan saH = glorious, he - Lakshmana; ratnamayiim = crafted with jewels; divyaam = superb one; puSpita kaananaam = with flowered, parklands [orchards]; ratna sam aakiirNaam = gemlike [objects d'art,] richly rife with; ramyaam = splendid - cave; taam mahatiim guhaam = her, colossal, cave [of Kishkindha]; dadarsha he has seen.
Glorious Lakshmana has seen the splendid Kishkindha which is a colossal cave crafted with jewels, replete with flowered orchards and richly rife with gemlike-objects d'art. [4-33-4]
हर्म्य प्रासाद संबाधाम् नाना रत्नोपशोभिताम् |
सर्व काम फलैः वृक्षैः पुष्पितैः उपशोभिताम् || ४-३३-५
5. harmya praasaada sambaadhaam = mansions, multi-storied buildings, compacted with; naanaa ratna upashobhitaam = various, precious stones, embellished with; sarva kaama [kaala] phalaiH = every, relish, [seasonal,] fruits; puSpitaiH = blossomed; vR^ikSaiH = with trees; upashobhitaam = by them enlivened; dadarsha = Lakshmana has seen.
Kishkindha is compacted with mansions and multi-storied buildings that are embellished with various precious stones, and it is enlivened with blossomed trees that bear fruit of every relish and of every season, and Lakshmana has seen such a Kishkindha. [4-33-5]
देव गंधर्व पुत्रैः च वानरैः काम रूपिभिः |
दिव्य माल्य अम्बर धारैः शोभिताम् प्रिय दर्शनैः || ४-३३-६
6. deva gandharva putraiH = with gods, gandharva-s, with the children of; kaama ruupibhiH = by wish, guise-changers; divya maalya ambara dhaaraiH = marvellous, garlands, garments, attired in; priya darshanaiH vaanaraiH shobhitaam = with prepossessing appearances, by Vanara-s, [Kishkindha] is brightened; dadarsha = Lakshmana has seen.
That city is brightened with vanara-s who with their prepossessing appearances are attired in marvellous garlands and garments, and who can change their guise just by their wish, as they are the children of gods and gandharva-s, and Lakshmana has seen such a city. [4-33-6]
चन्दन अगरु पद्मानाम् गन्धैः सुरभि गन्धिताम् |
मैरेयाणाम् मधूनाम् च सम्मोदित महा पथाम् || ४-३३-७
7. surabhi gandhitaam [gandhinaam] = fragrantly, fragranced [to smell-faculty, pleasing - city itself is perfumed]; candana agaru padmaanaam = of sandal-scent, true aloe-scent, lotuses; maireyaaNaam = of flower-liquors; madhuunaam ca = with grape-wine; gandhaiH = with fragrances; sam modita = highly, exhilarated; mahaa pathaam = wide, avenues [of Kishkindha]; Lakshmana saw.
She is perfumed with the fragrances that are pleasing the sense of smell like sandal-scent, true-aloe-scent, and the scents of lotuses, and her wide avenues are highly exhilarated with the bouquet of flower-liquors and grape-wines, and Lakshmana has seen such a sweet-scanted city Kishkindha. [4-33-7]
The sandalwood paste, aloe scents, lotus scents are used as body rubs. Thus everyone is using them and hence fragrant, and due to the continuous preparation of wines prepared from the flowers of guDa puSpa, Bassia latifolia, or from flowers Lythrum fruticosum, brewed with the juice of sugarcane and also even from grapes, that city itself is odorous and the streets are boozy.
विंध्य मेरु गिरि प्रख्यैः प्रासादैः न एक भूमिभिः |
ददर्श गिरि नद्यः च विमलाः तत्र राघवः || ४-३३-८
8. raaghavaH = Lakshmana; tatra = in that city; na eka = not, single, bhuumibhiH = surface, flat - storey, i.e., not single-storied but multi-storied; vindhya meru giri prakhyaiH = Vindhya, Meru, mountain, semblable to; praasaadaiH = with buildings; and; vi malaaH = without, slime - pure watered; giri nadyaH ca = mountain, rapids - waterfalls, even; dadarsha = saw.
In that city Lakshmana of Raghava dynasty has seen buildings that are not single-storied but multi-storied, semblable with Mt. Vindhya and Mt. Meru, and he even saw mountain-rapids with pure water. [4-33-8]
अंगदस्य गृहम् रम्यम् मैन्दस्य द्विविदस्य च |
गवयस्य गवाक्षस्य गजस्य शरभस्य च || ४-३३-९
विद्युन्मालेः च संपातेः सूर्याक्षस्य हनूमतः |
वीरबाहोः सुबाहोः च नलस्य च महात्मनः || ४-३३-१०
कुमुदस्य सुषेणस्य तार जाम्बवतोः तथा |
दधिवक्त्रस्य नीलस्य सुपाटल सुनेत्रयोः || ४-३३-११
एतेषाम् कपि मुख्यानाम् राज मार्गे महात्मनाम् |
ददर्श गृह मुख्यानि महासाराणि लक्ष्मणः || ४-३३-१२
9, 10, 11, 12. lakSmaNaH = Lakshmana; angadasya ramyam gR^iham = Angada's, exquisite, mansion; maindasya dvividasya = of Mainda, of Dvivida; gavayasya gavaakSasya gajasya sharabhasya = Gavaya's, Gavaaksha's, Gaja's, Sharabha's; vidyunmaaleH ca sampaateH suuryaakSasya hanuumataH = of Vidyunmaali, Sampaati, Suuryaaksha, Hanuma; viirabaahoH subaahoH = of Virabaahu, Subaahu; mahaatmanaH nalasya ca = noble-souled one, of Nala, also; tathaa = likewise; kumudasya suSeNasya taara jaambavatoH = of Kumuda, Sushena, Lt. Taara, Jambavanta; dadhivaktrasya niilasya supaaTala sunetrayoH = of Dadhivaktra, Niila, Supaatala, Sunetra; eteSaam = of these; mahaatmanaam kapi mukhyaanaam = of noble-souled, monkey, chiefs; mahaa saaraaNi = of great, essence - lavish mansions; gR^iha mukhyaani = mansions, of distinction; raaja maarge = on king's, way; dadarsha = beheld.
On the kings-way Lakshmana has seen the exquisite mansion of Angada, likewise the lavish mansions of distinction pertaining to the other vanara chiefs, namely Dvivida, Gavaya, Gavaaksha, Gaja, and Sharabha, Vidyunmaali, Sampaati, Suuryaaksha, Hanuma, and that of the noble-souled Nala, and even those of Virabaahu, Subaahu, Kumuda, Sushena, Lt. Taara, Jambavanta, Dadhivaktra, Niila, Supaatala, and that of Sunetra. [4-33-9, 10, 11, 12]
पाण्डुर अभ्र प्रकाशानि गन्ध माल्य युतानि च |
प्रभूत धन धान्यानि स्त्री रत्नैः शोभितानि च || ४-३३-१३
13. paaNDura abhra prakaashaani = whitish [silver,] cloud, in glitter; gandha maalya yutaani ca = scents, tassels of flowers, having, also; prabhuuta dhana dhaanyaani = in possession of, wealth, grains; strii ratnaiH shobhitaani ca = with female-vanara-s, gemlike ones, [those mansions are] beaming with, also.
Those mansions that glitter like silver-clouds, fragrant with scents and festooned with flower-tassels, replete with wealth and food grains, are beaming with gemlike female-vanara-s, and Lakshmana saw them on his way. [4-33-13]
पाण्डुरेण तु शैलेन परिक्षिप्तम् दुरासदम् |
वानरेन्द्र गृहम् रम्यम् महेन्द्र सदन उपमम् || ४-३३-१४
शुल्कैः प्रासाद शिखरैः कैलास शिखर उपमैः |
सर्व काम फलैः वृक्षैः पुष्पितैः उपशोभितम् || ४-३३-१५
महेन्द्र दत्तैः श्रीमद्भिः नील जीमूत संनिभैः |
दिव्य पुष्प फलैः वृक्षैः शीत च्छायैः मनोरमैः || ४-३३-१६
हरिभिः संवृत द्वारम् बलिभिः शस्त्र पाणिभिः |
दिव्य माल्य आवृतम् शुभ्रम् तप्त कांचन तोरणम् || ४-३३-१७
सुग्रीवस्य गृहम् रम्यम् प्रविवेश महाबलः |
अवार्यमाणः सौमित्रिः महाअभ्रम् इव भास्करः || ४-३३-१८
14, 15, 16, 17, 18. paaNDureNa shailena parikSiptam = with white, mountain, immured; duraasadam = inaccessible; mahendra sadana upamam = great Indra's, palace, in simile to; ramyam = grand; vaanara indra gR^iham = Vanara, king's, palace; Lakshmana has seen, and which is; shulkaiH kailaasa shikhara upamaiH = with silver-white, Mt. Kailash, peaks, similar to; with such; praasaada shikharaiH = with palace's, spires; sarva kaama phalaiH = all, desires [relish fulfilling,] fruits [yielding]; puSpitaiH vR^ikSaiH upa shobhitam = with blossomed, trees, shining forth; mahendra dattaiH = by great Indra, that are endowed; shriimadbhiH = with providential [trees]; niila jiimuuta sannibhaiH = blackish, cloud, equalling in shine; having such; divya puSpa phalaiH = which are with - divine, flowers, fruits; shiita cChaayaiH = with cool, shades; manaH ramaiH = heart, pleasing; vR^ikSaiH = with trees; [upa shobhitam = shining forth]; balibhiH = robust ones; shastra paaNibhiH = weapons, in hands [wielding]; haribhiH samvR^ita dvaaram = by [such] monkeys, covered - screened for protection, having doorways; divya maalya aavR^itam = excellent, garlands, strung round [palace]; shubhram = [white or shining forth] splendorous; tapta kaancana toraNam = molten [refined,] golden, with [main] archway; ramyam = fascinating; sugriivasya gR^iham = Sugreeva's, palace; mahaabalaH saumitriH = very bold, Saumitri; bhaaskaraH = sun; mahaa ab bhram = colossal, water, carrier - into cloud; iva = as with; a vaaryamaaNaH = without, being impeded; pravivesha = entered.
The grand palace of the king of monkeys, Sugreeva, which vies with the palace of Indra is inaccessibly immured in a whitely mountain. The spires of that palace are similar to the peaks of Mt. Kailash and it is shining forth with fully blossomed trees yielding fruits that can fulfil every relish of everyone. Some more providential and heart-pleasing trees available there are the endowment of Indra, which in shine are equal to blackish rainy-clouds, yielding divine flowers and fruits, and casting cool shades. Excellent garlands are strung round the palace and robust monkeys wielding weapons are screening its gateways, while its main archway cast in refined golden is splendorous. And the very bold Lakshmana unimpededly entered such a fascinating palace of Sugreeva, as with the sun entering a colossal cloud. [4-33-14, 15, 16, 17, 18]
स सप्त कक्ष्या धर्मात्मा यान आसन समावृताः |
प्रविश्य सुमहत् गुप्तम् ददर्श अंतःपुरम् महत् || ४-३३-१९
हैम राजत पर्यन्कैः बहुभिः च वर आसनैः |
महा अर्ह आस्तरण उपेतैः तत्र तत्र समावृतम् || ४-३३-२०
19, 20. dharmaatmaa = high-minded one [duty-bound]; saH = he, Lakshmana; yaana aasana samaavR^itaaH = carriers [palanquins, sedans etc] settees, spread over; sapta kakSyaa = seven, courtyards; pravishya = on passing through; su mahat guptam = very, highly, protected; mahat = prodigious - chamber; haima raajata paryankaiH = with golden, silver, love-beds; mahaa arha aastaraNa upetaiH = highly, valuable, [spread-covers] upholstery, consisting of; bahubhiH vara aasanaiH ca = with numerous, best, divans, also; tatra tatra samaavR^itam = there, there, [palace-chambers] covered - stuffed with; antaHpuram = palace-chambers; dadarsha = he saw.
Passing through a set of seven courtyards in which carriers like palanquins, sedans, and even settees are spread over, that duty-bound Lakshmana has seen the highly protected and prodigious palace-chambers of Sugreeva, which is stuffed here and there with numerous golden and silver love-beds and divans on which highly valuable upholstery is provided. [4-33-19, 20]
प्रविशन् एव सततम् शुश्राव मधुर स्वनम् |
तंत्री गीत समाकीर्णम् सम ताल पदाक्षरम् || ४-३३-२१
21. pravishan eva = while entering, alone; tantrii giita samaakiirNam = of string-instrument, lyrical, commixture of; sama taala pada akSaram = equable, rhythm, word, lettered; satatam = ongoing; madhura svanam = melodious, tunes; shushraava = came to ear - heard.
On his very entry Lakshmana heard the ongoing melodious tunes commixed with lyrics and strains of string-instruments, and all are unvarying in cadence, wording and lettering.
On his very entry Lakshmana heard the ongoing melodious tunes of lyrics with pulsing wording and lettering, conjoined with strains from string-instruments, like Veena etc., and all have a pulsating cadency. [4-33-21]
बह्वीः च विविध आकारा रूप यौवन गर्विताः |
स्त्रियः सुग्रीव भवने ददर्श स महाबलः || ४-३३-२२
22. mahaabalaH = great-mighty; saH = he, that Lakshmana; sugriiva bhavane = in Sugreeva's, palace; vividha aakaaraa = with diverse, features; ruupa yauvana garvitaaH = beauty, youth, prideful of; bahviiH striyaH = many, females, dadarsha = saw.
And the great-mighty Lakshmana has seen many females in Sugreeva's palace with diverse features and prideful of their beauty and youth. [4-33-22]
दृष्ट्वा अभिजन संपन्नाः तत्र माल्य कृत स्रजः |
वर माल्य कृत व्यग्रा भूषण उत्तम भूषिताः || ४-३३-२३
न अतृप्तान् न अति च व्यग्रान् न अनुदात्त परिच्छदान् |
सुग्रीव अनुचरान् च अपि लक्षयामास लक्ष्मणः || ४-३३-२४
23, 24. lakSmaNaH = Lakshmana; tatra = in there; abhijana sampannaaH = bloodline, of worthy [females]; maalya kR^ita srajaH = with [worthily] flowers, made, garlands; vara maalya kR^ita vyagraa = best [worthwhile,] flower-tassels, in making, engrossed in; bhuuSaNa uttama bhuuSitaaH = jewellery, with worthiest, adorned with; at such females; dR^iSTvaa = on observing; na a tR^iptaan = none, without, satisfaction - overawed lot; na ati vyagraan ca = not, overly, strained ones, also - overstrained ones; na an udaatta paricChadaan = not, without, best, dressed - not dressed to nines, not spruced up; sugriiva anucaraan ca api = at Sugreeva's, attendants chambermaids, also, even; lakSayaamaasa = made a mark of.
On observing the females of a worthy bloodline in the palace of Sugreeva, who are wearing garlands of worthily flowers, engrossed in making worthwhile flower-tassels and even adorned with worthiest jewellery, he also made a mark of the chambermaids. None of them is overawed, overstrained, and everyone is over-embellished in dressiness. [4-33-23, 24]
कूजितम् नूपुराणाम् च कंचनीम् निःस्वनम् तथा |
स निशम्य ततः श्रीमान् सौमित्रिः लज्जितो अभवत् || ४-३३-२५
25. tataH = later on; shriimaan = fulgorous; saH saumitriH = he, Saumitri; nuupuraaNaam kuujitam ca = of silver-anklets; chimes, also; tathaa = likewise; kancaniim niHsvanam = golden cincture's, tintinnabulation; nishamya = on listening; lajjitaH abhavat = [Saumitri] embarrassed, became, to inside the palace-chamber.
Thereafter on hearing the chimes of silver-anklets and tintinnabulations of golden cinctures of female vanara-s that refulgent Saumitri is embarrassed to proceed further. [4-33-25]
रोष वेग प्रकुपितः श्रुत्वा च आभरण स्वनम् |
चकार ज्या स्वनम् वीरो दिशः शब्देन पूरयन् || ४-३३-२६
26. viiraH = valiant - Lakshmana; aabharaNa svanam shrutvaa = jewellery's [of female vanara-s,] tinkles, on hearing; roSa vega pra kupitaH = by bitterness's, speed of, highly, provoked; dishaH shabdena puurayan = compass points, with sound - twang, filling; jyaa svanam = bowstring's, sound; cakaara = made - twitched bowstring.
On hearing the tinkles of the jewellery of female vanara-s valiant Lakshmana is highly provoked with an instantaneous bitterness, and he twitched bowstring as though to fill all the points of compass with twanging. [4-33-26]
चारित्रेण महाबाहुः अपकृष्टः स लक्ष्मनः |
तस्थौ एकांतम् आश्रित्य राम शोक समन्वितः || ४-३३-२७
27. raama shoka sam anvitaH = Rama's, anguish, possessed with / alongside - which is in his heart; mahaabaahuH saH lakshmanaH = dextrous one, he, Lakshmana; caaritreNa = by [his celibate, decent] conduct; apakR^iSTaH = hauled down; ekaantam aashritya tasthau = loneliness, contingent on, stood aside.
His decent conduct hauling him down dextrous Lakshmana stood aside contingent on isolation, and alongside his heartfelt anguish of Rama. [4-33-27]
Lakshmana is in no mood to be in pleasing circumstances. Further, he dashed in to the palace uncaring for what to see. But seen are nymph-like females moving there about, uncaring for the presence of the male members of the palace, or even for the enterance of Lakshmana. That is why the entry into palaces is associated with certain protocols. anena parasya antaHpure sahasaa na praveSTavyam iti suucitam - dk Lakshmana is searing with his duty consciousness and this seventh heaven like atmosphere is irritating. To vent out his ire there is none in his audience, and hence he twanged his bowstring, which communicates his wrath to Sugreeva, who has not yet surfaced from the depths of his palace-chambers.
तेन चाप स्वनेन अथ सुग्रीवः प्लवगाधिपः |
विज्ञाय आगमनम् त्रस्तः स चचाल वर आसनात् || ४-३३-२८
28. atha = then; plavaga adhipaH saH sugriivaH = fly-jumper's, king, he, Sugreeva; tena caapa svanena = by that, bow's, twanging; aagamanam = arrival; of [Lakshmana]; vij~naaya = on discerning - ensured; trastaH = startled; vara aasanaat cacaala = form exquisite, seat, jerked up.
With that twang of the bowstring the king of fly-jumpers Sugreeva is startled and jerked up from his exquisite seat as he ensured that Lakshmana has arrived. [4-33-28]
अंगदेन यथा मह्यम् पुरस्तात् प्रतिवेदितम् |
सुव्यक्तम् एष संप्रप्तः सौमित्रिः भ्रातृ वत्सलः || ४-३३-२९
29. purastaat = = earlier; angadena = by Angada; mahyam = to me; yathaa prativeditam = as to how, indicated; like that; bhraatR^i vatsalaH = brother's, a votary of; eSa saumitriH sampraptaH = this, Saumitri, has come - down on; su vyaktam = it is very, clear.
"As Angada indicated to me earlier, Saumitri, the votary of his brother, has come down on... it is very clear..." Thus Sugreeva exclaimed. [4-33-29]
अंगदेन समाख्यतो ज्या स्वनेन च वानरः |
बुबुधे लक्ष्मणम् प्राप्तम् मुखम् च अस्य व्यशुष्यत || ४-३३-३०
30. angadena = by Angada [as has been said]; jyaa svanena ca = by bowstring's, clang of, even; sam aakhyataH = Sugreeva who is - well, apprised; vaanaraH = Vanara, Sugreeva; lakshmaNam praaptam bubudhe = Lakshmana, as arrived, made up his mind; asya mukham ca vyashuSyata [vi a shuSyata] = his, face, is also, verily dried up - whey-faced.
As has been apprised by Angada earlier, and even now by the twang of bowstring, that vanara Sugreeva made up his mind about Lakshmana's arrival, and he has become whey-faced. [4-33-30]
ततः ताराम् हरि श्रेष्ठः सुग्रीवः प्रिय दर्शनाम् |
उवाच हितम् अव्यग्र त्रास संभ्रांत मानसः || ४-३३-३१
31. tataH = then; traasa sam bhraanta maanasaH = by dismay, bewildered, with such a heart; hari shreSThaH sugriivaH = monkey's, chief, Sugreeva; priya darshanaam taaraam = to the one with - pleasant, appearance - exquisite lady, to Tara; hitam = beneficial - advantageous word; a vyagram = without, impulsiveness - staidly; uvaaca = spoke.
The chief of monkeys Sugreeva then staidly spoke this advantageous word to the exquisite lady Tara while his heart is bewildered with dismay. [4-33-31]
किम् नु रुट् कारणम् सुभ्रु प्रकृत्या मृदु मानसः |
स रोष इव संप्राप्तो येन अयम् राघवानुजः || ४-३३-३२
32. su bhru = oh, suavely, eye-browed, Tara; prakR^ityaa mR^idu maanasaH = by nature, mellow, hearted; ayam raaghava anujaH = he, Raghava's, brother - Lakshmana; yena = by what; sa roSa iva = with, disdain, as if; sampraaptaH = turned up; ruT kaaraNam kim nu = to grudge, reason, what is, really.
"This brother of Raghava is mellow-hearted by his nature, oh, suavely eye-browed Tara, but he turned up as if with some disdain, really what must be the reason for a grudge! [4-33-32]
The word used su bhruu 'good-eye-browed-one' has some relevancy to Tara's composure. Though certain people's tongues cheer, their eyebrows chide. Tara is not a double-tongued lady but she speaks her heart in all rationality and her eyebrows do not belie what she states.
किम् पश्यसि कुमारस्य रोष स्थानम् अनिन्दिते |
न खलु अकारणे कोपम् आहरेत् नरपुंगवः || ४-३३-३३
33. a nindite = oh, not, peccable one, oh, impeccable Tara; kumaarasya = young man's - Lakshmana's; roSa sthaanam = for spite, basis; kim pashyasi = as what, you see; nara pungavaH = man, the best - Lakshmana; a kaaraNe = without, reason - to a fault; kopam na aaharet = despite, will not, invoke; khalu = indeed.
"What do you see as the basis of this young man's spite, oh impeccable Tara, this best one among men will not invoke despite, indeed, to a fault. [4-33-33]
यदि अस्य कृतम् अस्माभिः बुध्यसे किंचित् अप्रियम् |
तत् बुध्या संप्रधार्य आशु क्षिप्रम् एव अभिधीयताम् || ४-३३-३४
34. asmaabhiH = by us; asya = to him; kimcit a priyam kR^itam = in the least, not, pleasant, is done; budhyase yadi = consider, if you; tat aashu = that, quickly; budhyaa sampradhaarya = with thinking - quicjk-wittedness, be determined; kshipram eva abhidhiiyataam = immediately, thus, made known.
"If you consider that we have done something objectionable to him, in the least, let that be quickly determined by your nimble-wittedness and let that be made known immediately. [4-33-34]
अथवा स्वयम् एव एनम् द्रष्टुम् अर्हसि भामिनी |
वचनैः स्वांत्व युक्तैः च प्रसादयितुम् अर्हसि || ४-३३-३५
35. athavaa = otherwise; bhaaminii = oh, lady; enam = him; svayam eva draSTum arhasi = in person, alone, to see, apt of you; svaantva yuktaiH vacanaiH ca = mitigatory, blent with, with words; prasaadayitum arhasi = to appease him, apt of you.
"Otherwise, oh, lady, you alone are apt to see him in person, and it will be apt of you to appease him with words blent with mitigation. [4-33-35]
त्वत् दर्शने विशुद्ध आत्मा न स कोपम् करिष्यति |
न हि स्त्रीषु महात्मानः क्वचित् कुर्वन्ति दारुणम् || ४-३३-३६
36. vi shuddha aatmaa = highly, pure, souled one; saH = he that Lakshmana; tvat darshane = on your, appearance - on seeing you; kopam na kariSyati = anger, he will not, make - will not vent his spleen; mahaatmaanaH = great-souls; kvacit = anywhere; striiSu daaruNam na kurvanti hi = on women, rampage, will not, do - vent out, isn't it.
"Just on seeing you he that highly pure-souled Lakshmana will stop venting his spleen, by the way, great-souls will not be rampageous with women, isn't it! [4-33-36]
The real valorous heroes will not exhibit their warring faculties before palace bound ladies:
anena mahaa puruShaaH striiShu kopam na kurvanti iti suucitam - tathaa ca raaja dharme - devateShu visheSheNa raajasu braahmaNe Shu ca | niyantrya sadaa krodho vR^iddha strii baala rogiShu || dk On this premise Sugreeva is using all his kingly tactics to appease Lakshmana, while Tara is no less in her political thinking, which will be evident soon.
त्वया स्वांत्वैः उपक्रांतम् प्रसन्न इन्द्रिय मानसम् |
ततः कमलपत्राक्षम् द्रक्ष्याअमि अहम् अरिंदमम् || ४-३३-३७
37. svaantvaiH = with propitiatory - words; tvayaa = by you; upa kraantam = to his nearby, stepping in - who is approached at his nearby; prasanna indriya maanasam = pacified, senses, heart; kamala patra aksham = lotus-petal-eyed one - Lakshmana; arindamam = enemy-destroyer; tataH = then; aham drakshyaaami = I will, see.
"If you seek his presence with propitiatory words his heart and senses will be pacified, and then I will be able to see that lotus-petal-eyed Lakshmana, the destroyer of his enemies." Sugreeva thus spoke to Tara. [4-33-37]
सा प्रस्खलंती मद विह्वल अक्षी
प्रलंब कांची गुण हेम सूत्रा |
सलक्षणा लक्ष्मण संनिधानम्
जगाम तारा नमित अंग यष्टिः || ४-३३-३८
38. mada vihvala akshii = tipsily, flustering, eyed one; pralamba kaancii guNa hema suutraa = with dangling, cincture's, rivière, golden, strings; sa lakshaNaa = with, [queenly / lustful / natural] exquisite features; namita anga yaSTiH = bent, body, stick - bending sticklike - slender bodied Tara; saa taaraa = she, that Tara; pra skhalantii = with much, waddling gait; lakshmaNa sannidhaanam = Lakshmana's, proximity; jagaama = went to.
Exquisitely featured Tara went to the proximity of Lakshmana with a waddling gait, tipsily flustering eyes, rrivière-strings of golden cincture dangling, and with a sticklike gracile body humbly bent. [4-33-38]
The inferences drawn on these expressions are: mada vihvala akshii 'dizzy are her eyes either by drinking or by the insatiate sexual hunger...' pralamba kaaancii guNa hema suutraa 'girdle ornament loosened on her love-bed is not readjusted for a public appearance...' namita anga yaSTi 'sticklike body is bent...' the body may be bent due to her humbleness, or by the weight of her breasts, or due to the ceaseless mating...' sa lakshaNa 'with features of a queen, or with the features of coital expressions, or of a humble lady...' praskhalantii gamane 'a waddling gait...' due to her natural swanlike walk, or stumble of a tipsy one, or due to the fatigue of incessant coition...' If it were asked whether it is appropriate of Tara to approach Lakshmana in this condition, it is said to be quiet befitting to her. Lakshmana is son-like to her and she can see him any time. Further Lakshmana treats other females as his own mothers, that way also she can near him. Apart from these social problems, there is an imminent danger with this Lakshmana, which is more precarious than these presentational problems. Hence she rushed to him in 'as is where is' condition concerning herself with the fate of Sugreeva and that of Kishkindha.
स ताम् समीक्ष्य एव हरि ईश पत्नीम्
तस्थौ उदासीनतया महात्मा |
अवाङ्मुखो आभूत् मनुजेन्द्र पुत्रः
स्त्री सन्निकर्षात् विनिवृत्त कोपम् || ४-३३-३९
39. mahaatmaa = great-souled one; saH = he; manuja indra putraH = humans, king's, son [prince]; hari iisha patniim = monkeys', king's, wife; taam samiikshya eva = her, on observing, thus; udaasiinatayaa = unemotionally; tasthau = stood back; strii sannikarSaat = owing to female's, nearness - because of the presence of females; vinivR^itta [vi ni vR^itta = verily, back, coiled] backed down on; kopam = anger; avaa~N mukhaH aabhuut = down, faced, he became.
On observing the wife of the king of monkeys, the great-souled son of the king of humans stood aside unemotionally, and because of the presence of females he backed down on his anger with his face cast down. [4-33-39]
सा पान योगात् च निवृत्त लज्जा
दृष्टि प्रसादात् च नरेन्द्र सूनोः |
उवाच तारा प्रणय प्रगल्भम्
वाक्यम् महार्थम् परिसांत्व रूपम् || ४-३३-४०
40. paana yogaat ca = inebriety, by virtue of, also; narendra suunoH = king, best's, son [prince's]; dR^iSTi prasaadaat ca = glance, by the grace of, also; nivR^itta lajjaa = ceased, embarrassment - she who is unblushing; saa taaraa = she, that Tara; maha artham = highly, noteworthy; pari saantva ruupam = entirely, mitigatory, in its aspect - in its vein; praNaya pragalbham = in friendliness, bold in speech - dauntless; vaakyam uvaaca = sentence, spoke.
She who is unblushing by virtue of her inebriety ad even by the gracious look of the prince Lakshmana, such a Tara spoke a highly noteworthy sentence that is dauntless in friendliness and entirely mitigatory in its vein. [4-33-40]
किम् कोप मूलम् मनुजेन्द्र पुत्र
कः ते न सन्तिष्ठति वाक् निदेशे |
कः शुष्क वृक्षम् वनम् आपतन्तम्
दवाग्निम् आसीदति निर्विशंकः || ४-३३-४१
41. manuja indra putra = people-king's, son - oh, prince; kopa muulam kim = of anger, root [cause,] what is; te vaak nideshe = in your, oral, order; kaH na santiSThati = who is, not, abiding by; shuSka vR^iksham vanam = with dried up, trees, towards forest; aa patantam = coming, falling [befalling]; davaagnim = to wildfire; kaH = who is; nir vi shankaH = without, much, doubt - without a shadow of doubt; aasiidati = drawing nigh.
"Oh, prince, what is the cause of your anger? Who is not abiding by your oral order? And who is he that draweth nigh of a wildfire that is befalling on a forest of dried-up trees, without a shadow of doubt?" Tara enquired thus with Lakshmana. [4-33-41]
स तस्य वचनम् श्रुत्वा सांत्व पूर्वम् अशंकितः |
भूयः प्रणय दृष्टार्थम् लक्ष्मणो वाक्यम् अब्रवीत् || ४-३३-४२
42. saH lakshmaNaH = he, that Lakshmana; saantva puurvam = propitiatory, with a prelude of; bhuuyaH praNaya dR^iSTa artham = by far, of friendship, evincing, purpose; tasya vacanam shrutvaa = her, words, on hearing; a shankitaH = not, distrustful - Lakshmana becoming trustful; vaakyam abraviit = words, spoke.
On hearing her words which are with a prelude of propitiation, and which by far evince friendship for all practical purposes, Lakshmana trustfully spoke these words. [4-33-42]
किम् अयम् काम वृत्तः ते लुप्त धर्मार्थ संग्रहः |
भर्ता भर्तृ हिते युक्ते न च एवम् अवबुध्यसे || ४-३३-४३
43. bhartR^i hite yukte = oh, Tara - in husband's, prosperity, associate of; te bhartaa = your, husband; ayam = he is; kaama vR^ittaH = lustfulness - profligacy, involved in; lupta dharma artha sangrahaH = remiss of, rectitude, [licit] riches, garnering; kim = why - he has become like that; evam = about him; na ca avabudhyase = not, also, you recognise - his dereliction is unbeknown to you, or what.
"Oh, Tara, the associate of husband's prosperity! Why your husband is bound up in profligacy alone, remiss in garnering rectitude and riches, and his dereliction is unbeknownst to you, is it! [4-33-43]
न चिंतयति राज्यार्थम् सः अस्मान् शोक परायणान् |
स अमात्य परिषत् तारे कामम् एव उपसेवते || ४-३३-४४
45. taare = oh, Tara; sa amaatya pariSat = [your husband] with, ministers, council of; saH = he; raajya artham = kingdom, interests of; shoka paraayaNaan asmaan = in anguish, absorbed - cringing, us; na cintayati = not, thinking; kaamam eva upasevate = lechery, alone, devoted to.
"Without thinking either about the interests of the kingdom or about us that are cringing to anguish, oh, Tara, your husband along with his council of ministers is indulged in lechery. [4-33-44]
स मासान् चतुर कृत्वा प्रमाणम् प्लवगेश्वरः |
व्यतीतान् तान् मद उदग्रो विहरन् न अवबुध्यते || ४-३३-४५
45. saH plavageshvaraH = he, that fly-jumpers' king; catura maasaan pramaaNam kR^itvaa = four, months, criterion, on making - stipulating an embargo; mada udagraH = insensible, frantically; viharan = luxuriating in; taan vyatiitaan = them [months,] as elapsed; na avabudhyate = not, realizing.
"On stipulating a four month criterion for an embargo the king of fly-jumpers is not able to realise the completion of that period as he is frantically insensible. [4-33-45]
न हि धर्मार्थ सिद्ध्यर्थम् पानम् एवम् प्रशस्यते |
पानात् अर्थस्य कामः च धर्मः च परिहीयते || ४-३३-४६
46. dharma artha siddhi artham = rectitude, riches, to achieve, for the purpose of; evam paanam prashasyate hi = this way, drinking, not, appreciable, isn't it; paanaat = by drinking; arthasya kaamaH ca dharmaH ca = prosperity, aspirations, also, probity, even; parihiiyate = will be defeated, brought to ruin.
"For the purpose of achieving rightly rectitude and rightful riches this way of bacchanalia is inappreciable, isn't it! Just going on drinking will bring prosperity, aspirations and even probity to ruin. [4-33-46]
धर्म लोपो महान् तावत् कृते हि अप्रति कुर्वतः |
अर्थ लोपः च मित्रस्य नाशे गुणवतो महान् || ४-३३-४७
47. kR^ite = while [favour] is being done; a prati kurvataH = not, in turn, rendering - one who does not requite; taavat = thereby; mahaan dharma lopaH hi = awful, to rectitude, detriment [will occur,] isn't it; guNavataH mitrasya naashe = a noble, friend, in loosing - in loosing a noble friend; mahaan artha lopaH ca = great, purpose, shortcoming - a great shortcoming will also occur in his purposes.
"If one is not going to requite the favour done in his respect an awful detriment occurs in his own rectitude, isn't it. Thereby, that reneger will loose a highly noble friend and thereby a great shortcoming occurs to him in achieving his purposes. Thus a threefold ill befalls on that reneger. [4-33-47]
मित्रम् हि अर्थ गुण श्रेष्ठम् सत्य धर्म परायणम् |
तत् द्वयम् तु परित्यक्तम् न तु धर्मे व्यवस्थितम् || ४-३३-४८
48. satya dharma paraayaNam = truthful, virtue, avowed one; such a; mitram = friend; artha guNa shreSTham hi = [than] means, [than] aspirations, greater, indeed; tat dvayam = that, pair [means, aspirations]; pari tyaktam = fully, who forsook; [te bharta = your husband]; dharme vyavasthitam na tu = in probity, standing by, not even.
"Indeed a friend avowed to truthfulness and virtuousness is greater than one's own means and aspirations, but you husband forsaking that pair of his means and aspirations that have been fulfilled by such a righteous friend, he is not even standing by the probity. [4-33-48]
तत् एवम् प्रस्तुते कार्ये कार्यम् अस्माभिः उत्तरम् |
यत् कार्यम् कार्य तत्त्वज्ञे त्वम् उदाहर्तुम् अर्हसि || ४-३३-४९
49. kaarya tattva j~ne = oh, task, brunt of, knower of; tat = therefore; prastute kaarye = present, task; evam = this way - it is unfinished; asmaabhiH = by us; yat uttaram kaaryam = what, subsequent, task; kaaryam = is to be undertaken; tvam udaahartum arhasi = you, to exemplify, apt of you.
"Therefore, when our present task is standstill in this way due to the bouts of your husband, oh, the knower of the brunt of tasks, what is it we can undertake hereafter...you yourself may aptly give an example..." Thus, Lakshmana spoke curtly to Tara. [4-33-49]
सा तस्य धर्मार्थ समाधि युक्तम्
निशम्य वाक्यम् मधुर स्वभावम् |
तारा गतार्थे मनुजेन्द्र कार्ये
विश्वास युक्तम् तम् उवाच भूयः || ४-३३-५०
50. saa taaraa = she, that Tara; tasya = his - Lakshmana's; dharma artha samaadhi yuktam = merit, means, reconciliation, contained with; madhura svabhaavam = with mellow, tendency; vaakyam nishamya = words, on hearing; gata arthe manu jendra kaarye = lost, purpose, of people's, king's son [Rama's]; in that task; vishvaasa yuktam = confidence, having / reposing; tam bhuuyaH uvaaca = to him, again said.
On hearing his words containing means, merit and reconciliation, and of mellowly tendency of Lakshmana, Tara realized that the purpose of Rama is lapsed, but having confidence in ultimate success she again said to him.
On hearing his words containing means, merit and reconciliation, and of mellowly tendency of Lakshmana, and even on realizing the lapse committed by Sugreeva in the purpose of Rama, yet reposing her confidence in Sugreeva's capability to achieve results, she again said to Lakshmana. [4-33-50]
न कोप कालः क्षितिपाल पुत्र
न च अपि कोपः स्व जने विधेयः |
त्वत् अर्थ कामस्य जनस्य तस्य
प्रमादम् अपि अर्हसि वीर सोढुम् || ४-३३-५१
51. kshiti paala putra = oh, earth's, lord's, son; kopa kaalaH na = anger, time, this is not; sva jane kopaH na ca api vidheyaH = on own, people, anger, not, also, even, imposed - shown; viira = oh, brave one; tvat artha kaamasya = for your, results, who is desirous of; tasya janasya = that, person's [of Sugreeva]; pramaadam api = fault, even; soDhum arhasi = to tolerate, apt of you.
"Oh, prince, this not the time for angering, also your own people shall not be subjected to anger, and it will be apt of you to tolerate Sugreeva's fault because he is desirous of achieving results for you. [4-33-51]
कोपम् कथम् नाम गुण प्रकृष्टः
कुमार कुर्यात् अपकृष्ट सत्त्वे |
कः त्वत् विधः कोप वशम् हि गच्छे
सत्त्व अवरुद्धः तपसः प्रसूतिः || ४-३३-५२
52. kumaara = oh, lad; guNa pra kR^iSTaH = by merits, high-minded one [superior]; apa kR^iSTa sattve = on one with - deducted, mightiness - mightless, on inferior being; kopam = anger; katham naama kuryaat = how, in name, will be made; sattva = by purity - by perfection; ava ruddhaH = held back - one who is restrained; tapasaH prasuutiH = for contemplation, gravitas [and other aspects of abstemiousness,] source of; tvat vidhaH = your, kind of; kaH kopa vasham gacChe hi = who, in anger's, control, enters [submits himself,] indeed.
How in name can a meritoriously high-minded being will show his anger on a relatively mightless inferior being, say Sugreeva, whose mightiest brother's mightiness and essence, say that of Vali, are deducted by none other but by your brother associated with you, and oh, lad, who goes into the control of fury, say of your kind, while he is restrained by his perfection, and a source of abstemiousness. [4-33-52]
जानामि कोपम् हरि वीर बन्धोः
जानामि कार्यस्य च काल संगम् |
जानामि कार्यम् त्वयि यत् कृतम् नः
तत् च अपि जानामि यत् अत्र कार्यम् || ४-३३-५३
53. hari viira bandhoH = oh, monkey, champion's [Sugreeva's], friend of [of Rama]; kopam jaanaami = anger, [Rama's anger,] I am aware of; kaaryasya kaala sangam ca jaanaami = of task, time, association [lapse,] also, I am aware; tvayi = in your respect; naH = to us - by us; yat kR^itam = what, is done - which fault is done by us; kaaryam = that work - delay; jaanaami = I am aware of; atra yat kaaryam = in this matter, which [is to be done; tat ca api = jaanaami = that, also, even, I am aware of.
"I am aware of the fury of Rama, the friend of champion of the monkeys, namely Sugreeva, I am also aware of the time lapse in the task, I am even aware of the folly we have committed, and what need be done in this matter, I am well aware. [4-33-53]
तत् च अपि जानामि यथा अविषह्यम्
बलम् नरश्रेष्ठ शरीरजस्य |
जानामि यस्मिन् च जने अवबद्धम्
कामेन सुग्रीवम् अस्तकम् अद्य || ४-३३-५४
54. nara shreSTha = oh, best one among men; shariira jasya = body, generated - bodily pleasures / or, of Love-god; balam = intensity of; yathaa = as to how; a vi Sahyam = not, verily, tolerable - highly intolerable; tat ca api = that, also, even; jaanaami = I am aware; yasmin = in which; jane = people - female vanara-s; sugriivam astakam = Sugreeva, incessantly; adya kaamena = now, with lust; avabaddham = bound up in; jaanaami = I am aware.
"As to how the intensity of bodily pleasure-seeking will be highly intolerable, I am aware even of that, and I am equally aware of those female vanara-s with whom Sugreeva is now incessantly bound up with lust. [4-33-54]
The females with whom Sugreeva is bound up are his wives, and there may be a self-forgetting involvement but there is no illegitimacy in it.
न काम तंत्रे तव बुद्धिः अस्ति
त्वम् वै यथा मन्यु वशम् प्रपन्नः |
न देश कालौ हि न च अर्थ धर्मौ
अवेक्षते काम रतिः मनुष्यः || ४-३३-५५
55. tvam yathaa manyu vasham prapannaH = you, as to how, fury's, control, gone into; gauging by it; tava buddhiH kaama tantre na asti = your, mind, in sensual, spells, is not, there - you are disinclined to bodily pleasures, hence you do not understand; kaama ratiH manuSyaH = those in sensualities, delighted in, man - humans; desha kaalau = place, time; na avekshate hi = will not, observe, isn't it; artha dharmau ca = [ethical] means, [holy] merits, also - he does not care.
"Gauging by your mindset which is presently bridled by fury, you appear to be disinclined towards spells of sensualities, thus these aspects are past your comprehension. All right! If a man were to be voluptuary he will be inadvertent of place and time, isn't it! Then, how about ethicalities, or rights and wrongs? [4-33-55]
तम् काम वृत्तम् मम सन्निकृष्टम्
काम अभियोगात् च विमुक्त लज्जम् |
क्षमस्व तावत् पर वीर हन्तः
तव भ्रातर्म वानर वंश नाथम् || ४-३३-५६
56. para viira hantaH = oh, enemy, braving, eradicator of; kaama vR^ittam = in lust, one who is delighting; mama sannikR^iSTam = in my, available in my presence - consorted with me; kaama abhiyogaat ca = in lusty, vehemence, also; vimukta lajjam = one who shunned, decency; such a; tava bhraataram = your, brother - brother-like; vaanara vamsha naatham = Vanara, dynasty, protector of; taavat kshamasva = ergo, you condone.
"He who shunned decency because of the vehemence of randiness, oh, the eradicator of braving enemies, and he who is delighting in lust is consorted with me, ergo condone your brother-like Sugreeva, the protector of Vaanara dynasty. [4-33-56]
महर्षयो धर्म तपोभिरामाः
कामा अनुकामाः प्रति बद्ध मोहाः |
अयम् प्रकृत्या चपलः कपिः तु
कथम् न सज्जेत सुखेषु राजा || ४-३३-५७
57. tapaH dharma abhiraamaaH = pious asceticism, in holy merit, delight in; maharSayaH = esteemed sages; they are; kaamaa anukaamaaH = desire [fulfilment,] in tow followers; pratibaddha mohaaH = entangled, in lust; kapiH tu = monkey, on his part; prakR^ityaa capalaH = [Sugreeva] by nature, impulsive; such as he is; ayam raajaa = this one - Sugreeva, [besides being a] king; sukheSu katham na sajjeta = enjoyments, how, not, wallows in.
"Esteemed sages who take delight in their holy merit and pious asceticism, they themselves will be closely following the course of their desire fulfilment when entangled in lust, then how about this one, namely Sugreeva, being an impulsive monkey, besides being a king, how he cannot wallow in enjoyments. [4-33-57]
There are numerous examples for this saying of Tara that great saints and sage are disturbed in the ascetic practises by womanly charms. For this Dharmaakuutam says: anena atyanta strii kaamuko dharma vibhrShTo bhavati it suucitam - anena maharShibhiH api apariharyaH kaamaH praakR^itaiH katham pari hartum shakya iti uktam - tathaa ca praaciinaaH - vishvaamitra paraashara prabhR^itayo vaata ambu parNa ashanaaH te api strii mukha pankajam sulalitam dR^iShTvaiva moham gataaH | dk 'when the great sages like Vishvamitra and Paraashara, who thrive on air, water and leaves, when sensed the delicate scent of the face of a female, they are lured by those females...' an ancient saying.
इति एवम् उक्त्वा वचनम् महार्थम्
सा वानरी लक्ष्मणम् अप्रमेयम् |
पुनः स खेदम् मद विह्वलाक्षी
भर्तुर् हितम् वाक्यम् इदम् बभाषे || ४-३३-५८
58. mada vihvala akshii = by inebriety, fluttery, eyed one; saa vaanarii = she, that vanara female - Tara; aprameyam lakshmaNam = with inestimable, Lakshmana; iti evam uktvaa = this, way, on saying; mahaa artham vacanam = of great import, sentence; punaH = again; sa khedam = with, anguish - sentimentally [sa khelam = with, vivaciousness - vivaciously]; bhartuH hitam = for husband's, in wellbeing of; idam vaakyam babhaaSe = this, sentence, spoke.
She that vanara female Tara whose eyes are fluttery under the influence having said this way, she again picked up where she left off and sentimentally spoke this sentence to Lakshmana whose brunt is inestimable, in the interest of her husband's wellbeing. [4-33-58]
उद्योगः तु चिर आज्ञप्तः सुग्रीवेण नरोत्तम |
कांस्य अपि विधेयेन तव अर्थ प्रति साधने || ४-३३-५९
59. nara uttama = oh, among people, best one; kaamsya vidheyena api = of pleasures, in servility, even though; sugriiveNa = by Sugreeva; tava artha prati saadhane = your, objective, towards, achieving; udyogaH tu = endeavour, on its part; cira aaj~naptaH = long ago, ordered.
"On the part of his endeavour in your task, oh, best one among men, he has ordered long before for its operation aiming to achieve your objective, despite of the fact that he is servile to overindulgence. [4-33-59]
आगता हि महा वीर्या हरयः काम रूपिणः |
कोटि शत सहस्राणि नाना नग निवासिनः || ४-३३-६०
60. mahaa viiryaa = marvellously, intrepid; kaama ruupiNaH = by wish, guise-changers; naanaa naga nivaasinaH = on various, on mountains, residents of; koTi shata sahasraaNi = in millions, hundreds, thousands; harayaH aagataa hi = monkeys, have come, by all means.
"By all means, marvellously intrepid Vanara-s that are the residents of various mountains and that can change gusie just by their wish have come in hundreds, in thousands, in millions. [4-33-60]
तत् आगच्छ महाबाहो चारित्रम् रक्षितम् त्वया |
अच्छलम् मित्र भावेन सताम् दरा अवलोकनम् || ४-३३-६१
61. mahaa baahuH = oh, dextrous one; tat = hence; aagacCha = oh, come on; tvayaa caaritram rakshitam = by you, tradition, is upheld; sataam = for good-willers; mitra bhaavena = with friendly, intent; daraa avalokanam = [friend's] wives, peering at; a cChalam not, deceitful - not, impolite.
"Hence oh, dextrous one, get inside the palace-chambers for you have been standing here at the door coyly unwilling to behold womenfolk inside, and enough is this upholding of tradition by you. Oh, come on, peering at the wives of friends with a friendly intent is not at all impolite for good-willers." Thus Tara affectionately invited Lakshmana inside the palace-chambers. [4-33-61]
ताराया च अभ्यनुज्ञात त्वरया चा अपि चोदितः |
प्रविवेश महाबाहुः अभ्यंतरम् अरिन्दमः || ४-३३-६२
62. mahaabaahuH = dextrous one; arindamaH = enemy-destroyer; Lakshmana; taaraayaa ca api = by Tara, also, even; abhyanuj~naata = welcomed; tvarayaa ca coditaH = by haste, also, even, hastened; pravivesha abhyantaram [mandiram, or, abhi antaram] entered, select-chambers [interiors,].
Welcomed by Tara and hastened by haste of his duty, that dextrous enemy-destroyer Lakshmana entered the select-chambers. [4-33-62]
ततः सुग्रीवम् आसीनम् कांचने परम आसने |
महाअर्ह आस्तरणोपेते ददर्श आदित्य संनिभम् || ४-३३-६३
दिव्य आभरण चित्रांगम् दिव्य रूपम् यशस्विनम् |
दिव्य माल्यांबर धरम् महेन्द्रम् इव दुर्जयम् || ४-३३-६४
दिव्य आभरण माल्याभिः प्रमदाभिः समावृतम् |
संरब्धतर रक्ताक्षो बभूव अंतक संनिभः || ४-३३-६५
63, 64, 65. tataH = then; mahaa arha aastaraNa upete = great, worth, upholstery, having; kaancane parama aasane = golden, on high, seat; aasiinam = he who is sitting; aaditya sannibham = Sun, similar in shine; divya aabharaNa citra angam = with excellent, ornaments, remarkable, bodied; divya ruupam = marvellous, in appearance; yashasvinam = at glorious one; divya maalya ambara dharam = exquisite, garlands, robes, wearing; mahendram iva = Mahendra, as with; dur jayam = not, conquerable one; divya aabharaNa maalyaabhiH = that are with precious, ornamentation, garlands; pramadaabhiH sam aavR^itam = womenfolk, well, [Sugreeva is] enwreathed; at such a; sugriivam = at Sugreeva; dadarsha = has seen; and Lakshmana became; samrabdhatara rakta akshaH = with very frantic, bloodshot, eyed; antaka sannibhaH babhuuva = Terminator, similar to, he became.
Lakshmana has then seen him who is seated like the Sun in firmament on a choicest golden seat which is elaborated with worthiest upholstery, whose body is remarkable besides being spruced up with excellent ornaments, who is wearing exquisite garlands and robes, who is glorious with a marvellous appearance and even appeared as an unconquerable as with Indra, and who is presently enwreathed with vanara-females who are also bedecked with precious ornamentation and garlands, and on seeing him Lakshmana with franticly bloodshot eyes appeared as the Terminator. [4-33-63, 64, 65]
रुमाम् तु वीरः परिरभ्य गाढम्
वर आसनस्थो वर हेम वर्णः |
ददर्श सौमित्रिम् अदीन सत्त्वम्
विशाल नेत्रः स विशाल नेत्रम् || ४-३३-६६
66. rumaam gaaDham parirabhya = Ruma [his wife,] tightly, on hugging; vara aasana sthaH = who on an exquisite, seat, seated; vara hema varNaH = who with - rich, golden, in complexion; vishaala netraH = who is a wide, eyed one, [Sugreeva, in suspicion]; viiraH = brave one; saH = he, that Sugreeva; a diina sattvam = one who is - un, flinching, in quintessence; vishaala netram = broad, eyed one [in fury]; at such; saumitrim = at Saumitri; dadarsha = saw.
Sugreeva whose complexion is like that of rich gold is seated on an exquisite seat tightly hugging his wife Ruma, and that brave one has seen Lakshmana whose quintessence is never-flinching, thus, that suspiciously wide-eyed Sugreeva made sheep eyes at the furiously broad-eyed Lakshmana. [4-33-66]
- - -
इति वाल्मीकि रामायणे आदि काव्ये किष्किन्ध काण्डे त्रयः त्रिंशः सर्गः
|Top of Page||1||2||3||4|
© July, 2002, Desiraju Hanumanta Rao [Revised : August 04]